Radix Scutellariae traditionally it is known as a nerve tonic and sedative for relieving anxiety, neuralgia, and insomnia. Radix Scutellariae was first mentioned in Shen Nong Ben Cao Jing. In China it is found in prescriptions for fevers, colds, high blood pressure, hypertension, insomnia, headache, intestinal inflammation, vomiting of blood, and other conditions. Baicalin is a type of flavonoid. It is found in several species in the genus Scutellaria, It is a component of Chinese medicinal herb Huang-chin (Scutellaria baicalensis).It is one of the active ingredients of Sho-Saiko-To, an herbal supplement believed to enhance liver health. Baicalin is the glucuronide of baicalein. Baicalin is a known prolyl endopeptidase inhibitor and affects the GABA receptors.
Baicalin, a flavonoid Kampo compound purified from the dry roots of Radix Scutellariae, has been shown to possess the potential to be used as a novel drug in the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) pathology. PAH is a cardiovascular disease characterized by enhanced pulmonary artery smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation and suppressed apoptosis.
Radix Scutellariae extract improves the immune system, increases energy, products the liver, and strengthens bones. Furthermore it improves phagocytes and promotes blood circulation.Especially effective in lowering blood pressure of patients with hypertension.
1. It is used to treat respiratory and gastrointestinal infections, allergic rhinitis, jaundice, viral hepatitis, nephritis, pelvic inflammation, sores or swelling, and fever.
2. It is also used orally for scarlet fever, headache, irritability, red eyes, flushed face, seizures, epilepsy, hysteria, nervous tension, and a bitter taste in the mouth.